nature, were however an exceptionthose were to be popularized to appease the population and to show the world the "real" Polish culture as well as to create the impression that Germany was. Initial efforts were directed towards creating a negative image of pre-war Poland, 18 and later efforts were aimed at fostering anti-Soviet, antisemitic, and pro-German attitudes. The reasoning behind this policy was clearly articulated by a Nazi gauleiter : "In my district, any Pole who shows signs of intelligence will be shot." 22 As part of their program to suppress Polish culture, the German Nazis attempted to destroy Christianity in Poland. Retrieved on b Raack 1995,. . (1996 Historical Dictionary of Poland, 9661945, Greenwood Publishing Group, isbn Lukowski, Jerzy ; Zawadzki, Hubert (2006 A Concise History of Poland (2nd. (2003 History of Education Reform in Post-Communism Poland, 19891999: Historical and Contemporary Effects on Educational Transition Archived at the Wayback Machine, dissertation at the Ohio State University, Retrieved on Madajczyk 1970,. . The state of Polish primary schools was somewhat better in the General Government, 38 though by the end of 1940, only 30 of prewar schools were operational, and only 28 of prewar Polish children attended them. 109 Underground actors, many of whom officially worked mundane jobs, included Karol Adwentowicz, Elżbieta Barszczewska, Henryk Borowski, Wojciech Brydziński, Władysław Hańcza, Stefan Jaracz, Tadeusz Kantor, Mieczysław Kotlarczyk, Bohdan Korzeniowski, Jan Kreczmar, Adam Mularczyk, Andrzej Pronaszko, Leon Schiller, Arnold Szyfman, Stanisława Umińska, Edmund Wierciński, Maria Wiercińska. By 1942, about 1,500,000 students took part in underground primary education; in 1944, its secondary school system covered 100,000 people, and university level courses were attended by about 10,000 students (for comparison, the pre-war enrollment at Polish universities was about 30,000 for the 1938/1939 year).
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